How to Reduce and Recycle Organic Waste

Comment réduire et recycler ses déchets organiques?

The problem with landfills is very real, but when the time comes to take action to do our part, we can easily be faced with several options without knowing which one best suits our situation.

This is why we are sharing some solutions that will allow you to determine, according to your needs, how you can reduce and recycle your organic waste

Happy reading!


Reduce Organic Waste

Let’s first address the issue of food waste. In Canada alone, the equivalent of $31 billion in food is thrown away each year.¹ In addition, 63% of the food residues that we throw in the trash or in the brown bin could have been eaten. To give you a better picture, this works out to the equivalent of $1,100 per year for the average household.²

It is therefore important to prioritize reduction at the source by reducing the amount of food thrown in the trash. How? Several options are possible:

  • Plan your meals in advance;
  • Make a grocery list and buy only the food you need;
  • Find ingenious ideas for cooking leftovers (i.e. vegetable broths or soups);
  • Freeze certain foods to keep them longer;
  • And more!


Recycle Organic Waste

Once you’ve minimized the amount of waste thrown in the trash, you have to figure out how to recycle what’s left. Here are several solutions that can meet your needs taking into account your living environment, whether you live in the city, in the countryside, in a house or an apartment.


Home Composting

Compost is certainly the best-known way to recycle organic waste. It is a process of transforming organic matter using decomposing microorganisms.

Home composting itself brings together different options:


Outdoor Composting

This involves placing most of your table waste (rich in nitrogen) in an external bin and adding twice the amount of structuring agent rich in carbon, for example dead leaves or coffee grounds. Please note that certain foods cannot be placed there, such as meat, for example.

Then the microorganisms will do their job for 9 to 12 months to turn your organic waste into compost. It is important to ensure that the right temperature, oxygen and humidity conditions are in place, which means stirring them regularly and watering as needed.³


Composteur en bois


Vermicomposting

Practiced indoors, this is a technique that uses red worms. In a plastic bin, you put damp shredded paper, garden soil and a good handful of worms. Like outdoor compost, this complex technique requires placing organic matter (except meat) in the right place as well as the worms in the right conditions. You will be able to harvest the compost within 3 to 6 months.


Bokashi

A lesser-known technique, bokashi consists of fermenting your organic waste without air. The process involves mixing starter (wheat impregnated with microorganisms) with your organic matter to ferment it tightly. After a few weeks, you will have a pre-compost that will need to be buried before it ripens and becomes compost. The bokashi allows you to deposit all types of organic waste, including meat.


Bac pour Bokashi


Collection

Some municipalities also offer you the option of collecting your organic waste and ensuring their management, by carrying out anaerobic digestion or by guaranteeing their composting.

This can be done in two ways⁴:


1. By Voluntary Contribution

Depending on the city you live in, there are several drop-off points where you can bring your organic waste, such as outdoor community composting sites. 

2. By Truck via Municipal Collection

If your municipality offers this service, it will also provide you with a brown bin in which you can put your organic waste. Just like collecting garbage or recycling, a truck will empty it every week. 


Automated Devices

Another effective solution is to get an automated device – also called an automatic composter – which crushes and dehydrates your organic matter, including meat, to transform them into a natural fertilizer that can be used in your outdoor plants, your vegetable garden or on your lawn. It is therefore important to bring a small nuance: the final material is not a compost, it is a fertilizer, because there is no presence of microorganisms.


Main qui dépose du fertilisant naturel dans un potager


These devices are odourless, quiet and easy to use; the cycle stops on its own after just a few hours, when the material is ready. You can therefore participate in the complete life cycle of a food, from its purchase at the grocery store, through its transformation, to finally deposit it directly in your vegetable garden. A good example is the Tero


L'appareil Tero qui transforme vos déchets alimentaires en fertilisant naturel


All of the proposed options are effective in diverting organic matter from landfills, where many greenhouse gases are released. For more details, see our blog post on this topic.

What is most important is first to reduce at the source by reducing food waste. Then, you have to choose an organic waste recycling solution adapted to your lifestyle. 

Now, do you have any examples of your organic management to share with our community?


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References

¹ Semaine canadienne de réduction des déchets, 2017.

² Recyc-Québec, s.d.

³ Recyc-Québec, s.d.

Recyc-Québec, s.d.


By: Claudia Larose

Membre de l'équipe Tero

14 comments

Feb 12, 2021 • Posted by Hélène Sénéchal

Bonjour, pour que les familles moins aisées financièrement qui voudraient se procurer cette objet. Une solution serais qu’elles ou ils, puissent donner des montants d’argent échelonnés sur période X. Genre 100, 00 $ par mois en pré vente, et cette argent pourrait en même temps vous aider dans vos financements. Ça aiderais eux et vous. Et une fois que l’objet est payé en entier, vous leur envoyez.

Feb 12, 2021 • Posted by Bourqui Dominique

Merci, toujours heureux de prendre vos nouvelles mise à jour, la blogueuse Claude Larose porte bien liés aux différentes pertinences du compostage. Depuis 35ans nous compostons tous nos déchets alimentaires en été dans trois différents tas de compost dans le style " lasagne " gazon branchage et déchets organiques de cuisine. C’est une façon d’améliorer le jardinage. En hiver tout simplement conserver dans une grande " poubelle
noir " qui gel , en mars va rejoindre le dernier tas composé de feuilles d’automne hachée. Aujourd’hui à l’âge de 75 ans, nous serons de recevoir cet été notre appareil TERO, il aura d’ailleurs une place privilégiée dans notre " hall d’entrée " de cuisine.
Bravo a toute cette merveilleuse histoire TERO réussite d’une nouvelle génération écho responsable, sans gros " truck ".
Toute notre admiration,
Bonne continuation.

DB & EL

Feb 12, 2021 • Posted by Ménard

La réponse est où en ce qui concerne la différence entre la campagne Kickstarter et la prévente 2020

Feb 12, 2021 • Posted by Pierre Ouellet

Pourquoi faire des ventes quand je vois des commentaires qu’ils ne l’ont pas reçu après un an et qu’il est payé alors j’étais intéressé mais là pas question ! Désolé
Pourtant je trouvais le concept très bien, pas de senteur, pas d’asticots 🤷‍♀️

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